Project: MCC GSI BPA Early Analysis, Kiribati

Millennium Challenge Corporation is in the process of starting a Threshold Program in Kiribati. As part of the Threshold Program development, MCC conducts early analysis to identify the binding constraints to the countries’ growth and then investigates the root causes of these constraints (known as the root cause analysis phase). In this phase, MCC deepens its understanding of the problems, develops project concepts, and conducts stakeholder engagement.

MCC Gender and Social Inclusion (GSI) unit has asked Limestone to support the work in Kirbati. Under this project, Limestone is helping with deepening the understanding of the GSI implications of the constraint areas by providing feedback on (1) problem trees which document the chain of symptoms contributing to the constraint and (2) hosting civil society consultations in South Tarawa and select outer islands. The goal of the consultations is to understand the identified constraint areas through the lenses of civil society including youth, adults, NGOs, businesses, other groups and local government.

The fieldwork will occur from December 2021 to January 2022, led by Limestone’s I-Kiribati consultants. Data from the fieldwork will be synthesized into a final report for MCC GSI unit, documenting evidence supporting or challenging the understanding of the constraint areas, unique GSI implications of the constraints across population groups and islands, and potential programmatic implications of alleviating the constraint areas for these groups. These findings will inform MCC’s management about  the most promising entry points for Kiribati program

Clients / Partners




  • Draft inception plan


  • Supported MCC with refining problem trees
  • Developed in-country stakeholder consultation plans
Dec -Jan


  • Finalizing stakeholder consultation plans and data collection protocols
  • Conducting field work in South Tarawa and select outer islands
  • Data analysis, synthesis, and briefs with MCC
  • Synthesizing key takeaways regarding gender and social inclusion across constraint areas